Wireless IP, The Killer Application !?

My website and thesis captures the essential elements in the convergence path of wireless networks and Internet protocols resulting in the new paradigm of "Wireless IP." It covers all the important 1G/2G cellular technologies that I have seen in the past decade, along with 3G and 4G, Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) technologies,including modifications required in protocols, architectures, and framework in virtually every area such as QoS, security, mobility, and so on.

The thesis can be useful for anyone who is interested in the convergence of the wireless and IP networks and for them who need to understand how packet data services and IP work in the wireless world. Furthermore, the thesis represents my views and opinions , based on my technical understanding and experience in these areas

Because the increase of higher system capacities and data rates provided by latest and proposed wireless network technologies, and their closer integration with the Internet enabled by the IP technologies used in these wireless networks are enabling many new ways for people to communicate.
Also people on moving vehicles (e.g. cars, trains, boats and airplanes) may access the Internet or their enterprise networks the same way as when they are at their offices or homes. They may be able to surf the Internet, access their corporate networks, download games from the network, play games with remote users, obtain tour guidance information, obtain real-time traffic and route conditions information.

Wireless networks are evolving into wireless IP networks to overcome the limitations of traditional circuit-switched wireless networks. Wireless IP networks are more suitable for supporting the rapidly growing mobile data and multimedia applications.
IP technologies (such as Mobile IP) are the most promising solutions available today for supporting data and multimedia applications over wireless networks. IP-based wireless networks will bring the globally successful Internet service into wireless networks. The mobile or wireless Internet will be an extension to the current Internet.

Advanced mobile data and multimedia applications such as; MMS, play games in real time with remote users, Voice over wireless (VoIP calls) and broadcasting of audio and video advertisements to mobile phone users such as: advertiser supported phone calls, Wireless IP-enabled radio and watch TV, will grow very fast. New IP broadcasting techniques such as DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting for Handhelds), will make it possible to bring video broadcasting services to handheld receivers.

In particular, the growth of advanced mobile data and multimedia applications such as Voice-over-IP (VoIP) help increase multimedia traffic over the wireless networks significantly. Thus, Wireless IP can also be a killer sometimes. Therefore future Wireless IP networks can only be able to service those mobile data and multimedia applications without congestions in the Wireless network, if those Wireless IP networks are ready for it. In other words, "those networks need to be controlled (e.g. by QoS parameters or other specific protocols) end must have enough bandwidth to support all this types of services. Wireless networks and the IP technologies within those networks have to be reviewed and evolved constantly.

Remark these words:
The traffic on broadband wireless networks will be increasingly IP


Radio Link Efficiency


A radio interface is bandwidth constrained because it is bound to use limited spectrum. Although 3G networks claim to provide bit rates up to 2 Mbps, it is still a far cry from the 52.8 Mbps a Very high Data rate Digital Subscriber Line (VDSL) can offer on a single twisted-pair copper loop. Similarly, bit rate of 11 Mbps in WLAN is no comparison to 1 Gbps of the gigabit Ethernet (IEEE 802.3). Therefore, it is highly desired to use the available bandwidth as efficiently as possible, so as to give the user a decent performance for IP compared to the wired world. Cellular operators pay a significant amount of their deployment costs in acquiring a spectrum. Therefore, radio link efficiency is also highly desired for cost savings.

One approach to improving efficiency for some IP protocols is to use header compression. A problem with IP is namely its large header overhead.

Bandwidth efficiency can also be improved by performing compression on IP payloads. Sometimes IP payloads are already compressed (images, audio, video, “zipped” files) by the applications or are already encrypted above the IP layer. For payload compression the best bandwidth efficiency can be achieved if application-level compression techniques are used extensively. The challenge is to ensure that almost all the applications have a compression mechanism and are using them over wireless links.